Individuals who live healthy life-style are less likely to develop Dementia unlike those who do not. This is according to a new guideline released by WHO. In the release, there area range of life-style choices that have scientifically been identified as being protective against Dementia.
“Getting regular exercise, not smoking, avoiding harmful use of alcohol, controlling their weight, eating a healthy diet, and maintaining healthy blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar levels”, can significantly reduce the risk of developing Dementia, the new guideline says.
“In the next 30 years, the number of people with dementia is expected to triple,” WHO Director-General Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said. “We need to do everything we can to reduce our risk of dementia. The scientific evidence gathered for these Guidelines confirm what we have suspected for some time, that what is good for our heart, is also good for our brain.”
According to WHO, “Dementia is an illness characterized by a deterioration in cognitive function beyond what might be expected from normal ageing. It affects memory, thinking, orientation, comprehension, calculation, learning capacity, language and judgement. Dementia results from a variety of diseases and injuries that affect the brain, such as Alzheimer disease or stroke.”
It is a growing public health problem that affects about 5o million people worldwide. There are approximately 10 million new cases yearly. Dementia is a major cause of disability and dependency among the elderly.
Similarly, Demential inflicts significant economic burden on the society, with an estimated projected loss of US$2 trillion annually by 2030.
No doubt, Dementia has physical, social, psychological , and economic impact, not just on sufferers but also on their carers, family and even the society at large.
It must be noted that Dementia is not an inevitable consequence of ageing. It is not a normal part of ageing.
So, are you at risk of Dementia?